Aggregate Scale Economies, Market Integration, and Optimal Welfare State Policy
Hassan Molana and
International Trade from EconWPA
Using a two-sector-two-country model with aggregate scale economies and unionisation, we show that optimal welfare state policy entails positive levels of unemployment benefits under free-trade and capital mobility. In this setting, economic integration does not reduce the revenue raising capacity of governments and thus does not lead to a race-to-the- bottom in social standards. Instead, trade and capital flows interact with welfare state policies in increasing welfare even when each government acts independently (non-cooperatively) in determining its optimal welfare payment. Cooperation is shown to improve upon noncooperative outcomes by raising both the generosity of the welfare state and aggregate welfare.
Keywords: circular causation; international trade; capital mobility; optimal policy; welfare state (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E6 F1 F4 H3 J5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int, nep-mac and nep-pbe
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Journal Article: Aggregate scale economies, market integration, and optimal welfare state policy (2006)
Working Paper: Aggregate Scale Economies, Market Integration and Optimal Welfare State Policy (2005)
Working Paper: Aggregate Scale Economies, Market Integration, and Optimal Welfare State Policy (2004)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0510002
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