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Regional Trade Agreements

Richard Pomfret

International Trade from EconWPA

Abstract: This paper reviews the evolution of thinking about regional trade agreements (RTAs) and the policy developments reflected in three waves of RTAs during the last half century. It rejects claims, based on number of RTAs notified to the WTO, that RTAs are today more prolific than ever. Desirable and undesirable features of RTAs can be identified, but the central message of the theory of second-best about the ambiguity of outcomes remains valid. Describing many RTAs as free trade agreements distorts the meaning of “free trade” and deeper integration in some regions undermines use of the nation state as the central unit of analysis; both make it difficult to determine whether active RTAs are stepping stones or stumbling blocks to improved resource allocation.

Keywords: trade policy; regional trade agreements (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F15 F02 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-sea
Date: 2005-11-03
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 20
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/it/papers/0511/0511002.pdf (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Regional Trade Agreements (2005) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0511002

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