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Birth Spacing and Child Survival: Comparative Evidence from India and Pakistan

Pushkar Maitra () and Sarmistha Pal ()

Labor and Demography from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper examines the two-way relationship between birth interval and child survival and compares the behaviour of households in the Indian and Pakistani provinces of Punjab. Birth interval and child survival are modelled here as correlated hazard processes, allowing for mother- specific unobserved heterogeneity. We find evidence of significant mutual dependence between birth interval and child survival in both samples. There are also significant differences between Indian and Pakistani households. Part of the difference in behaviour could be explained by differences in female literacy, which in turn highlight the differences in religion and state policies in these two neighbouring states.

Keywords: Birth spacing; Child survival; Sibling inequality; Son preference; Role of Religion and State; Correlated hazards models; India; Pakistan. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 O10 C41 C24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa and nep-hea
Date: 2004-03-12
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 40
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https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/lab/papers/0403/0403023.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Birth Spacing and Child Survival: Comparative Evidence from India and Pakistan* (2005) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0403023

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