EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

On the Measurement of Segregation

Federico Echenique () and Roland Fryer ()

Labor and Demography from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper develops a measure of segregation based on two premises: (1) a measure of segregation should disaggregate to the level of individuals, and (2) an individual is more segregated the more segregated are the agents with whom she interacts. Developing three desirable axioms that any segregation measure should satisfy, we prove that one and only one segregation index satisfies our three axioms, and the two aims mentioned above; which we coin the Spectral Segregation Index. We apply the index to two well-studied social phenomena: residential and school segregation. We calculate the extent of residential segregation across major US cities using data from the 2000 US Census. The correlation between the Spectral index and the commonly- used dissimilarity index is .42. Using detailed data on friendship networks, available in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we calculate the prevalence of within-school racial segregation. The results suggests that the percent of minority students within a school, commonly used as a substitute for a measure of in-school segregation, is a poor proxy for social interactions.

Keywords: segregation; networks; social interactions; school segregation; residential segregation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C0 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ure
Date: 2005-03-31
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 67
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (18) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/lab/papers/0503/0503006.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: On the Measurement of Segregation (2005) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0503006

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Labor and Demography from University Library of Munich, Germany
Bibliographic data for series maintained by EconWPA ().

 
Page updated 2019-04-17
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0503006