Anti-corruption programmes in post-communist transition countries and changes in the business environment, 1999-2002
Franklin Steves () and
Additional contact information
Alan Rousso: EBRD
Law and Economics from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper analyses the anti-corruption activities of 24 transition countries in the period 1999-2002. These activities are divided into omnibus anti-corruption programmes, legislative reform aimed at tackling corruption, and adherence to international anti-corruption conventions. The paper presents a new measure for determining the extent of anti- corruption activity undertaken in these three categories during 1999- 2002. Using the results of a large survey of firms across the region, the paper shows that countries with low levels of administrative corruption were more likely to adopt intensive anti-corruption programmes than countries with high levels of administrative corruption, independent of the level of state capture Across the transition countries, omnibus anti-corruption programmes and membership in international anti-corruption conventions have not led to reductions in the level of either administrative corruption or state capture – at least in this relatively short time period – while new or amended laws aimed at tackling corruption have led to reductions in administrative corruption, but not in levels of state capture. Finally, the paper finds that perceptions of corruption – measured in terms of the degree to which firms consider corruption to be an obstacle to the operation and growth of their business – are positively correlated with the intensity of anti-corruption programmes. This finding suggests that by launching high-profile anti-corruption initiatives, governments may be more likely to heighten managers’ perceptions of the problem rather than to reduce the impact of corruption on firms.
Keywords: business environment; law; state capture; governance; corruption; anti-corruption; legislative reform (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H26 H32 H41 K42 P30 P31 P33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-law, nep-pbe and nep-tra
Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on Win2000; pages: 41; figures: 7
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwple:0401004
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Law and Economics from University Library of Munich, Germany
Bibliographic data for series maintained by EconWPA ().