Money-Output Granger Causality Revisited: An Empirical Analysis of EU Countries
Bernd Hayo ()
Macroeconomics from University Library of Munich, Germany
In this paper, the evidence collected in the large literature on testing for Granger-causality from money to output is revisited. Using a broad data base of 14 EU-countries plus Canada, the US and Japan, and quarterly data from the mid 60s to the mid 90s, a number of hypotheses from this literature is evaluated. It is found that very few general conclusions can be sustained. For instance, in most countries it is not the case that the use of data in levels creates a bias in favour of finding Granger-causality effects of money on output compared to using differences. Neither does the significance of money lags decline when increasing the number of variables included in the model. What appears to be robust, though, is that allowing for asymmetries clearly increases the likelihood of finding significant causality effects. Based on the Granger-causality test results, a number of country groups are obtained using cluster analysis, which are characterised by a similarly behaviour with respect to the money-output relation.
Keywords: money; output; granger-causality; eu-countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E40 E50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
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Note: Type of Document - Adobe pdf-file; prepared on PC; pages: 25; figures: included
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Journal Article: Money-output Granger causality revisited: an empirical analysis of EU countries (1999)
Working Paper: Money-output Granger causality revisited: An empirical analysis of EU countries (1998)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:9809009
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