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Pricing on the Internet

Arup Daripa () and Sandeep Kapur

Microeconomics from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: It is frequently claimed that the growth of e-commerce has created a more competitive environment. It is argued that lower production costs of online retailers encourages new entry in previously concentrated sectors, and a marked reduction in search costs and switching costs increase the intensity of competition. The limited evidence that exists paints a more mixed picture. Many online markets tend to be advertising- intensive, creating a tendency towards concentration; search and price comparison are not perfect; firms can create product heterogeneity and raise switching costs to dampen price competition. Where firms have some market power, as in the market for information goods, we expect discriminatory pricing to become the norm. Apart from posted prices, the internet has extended the use of auctions, even to relatively low-value goods previously traded in thin local markets. The lowcost, relatively frictionless online auction markets have increased profits as well as economic efficiency, and may emerge as the principal pricing method for a large number of goods and services.

Keywords: internet; pricing; e-commerce (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D1 D2 D3 D4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2003-12-31
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com, nep-ind, nep-ino, nep-mic and nep-net
Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on win98; to print on a4;
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Related works:
Journal Article: Pricing on the Internet (2001)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpmi:0312007

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