Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS
Richard Perkins and
Eric Neumayer ()
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Richard Perkins: University of Plymouth, School of Geography
Others from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper seeks to advance current understanding of uneven convergence in the context of EU environmental policy, and specifically, the Eco- Managemen t and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Using a large sample, quantitative methodology, we examine three broad sets of determinants hypothesised to influence geogr aphic patterns of policy convergence: (1) cross-national market integration; (2) compatibility between the domestic regulatory context and European po licy requirements; and (3) bottom-up pressure from market and societal actors. Our analysis provides empirical support for all three hypothesised dete rminants. We find that measures of import-export ties, regulatory burden, past policy adoptions, environmental demand from civil society and levels of economic productivity, are all statistically significant predictors of national EMAS counts. Against a backdrop of geographically diverse regulatory institutions, societal conditions and trading relationships, we conclude that unevenness ! is an inevitable feature of Europeanisation.
JEL-codes: P Q Z (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004-03-19, Revised 2004-08-10
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Journal Article: Europeanisation and the Uneven Convergence of Environmental Policy: Explaining the Geography of EMAS (2004)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0403002
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