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The Mismatch between Employment and Child Care in Italy: the Impact of Rationing

Daniela Del Boca and Daniela Vuri ()

CHILD Working Papers from CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY

Abstract: In Italy the participation of women has not increased very much in the last few decades relative to other developed countries and it is still among the lowest in Europe. The female employment rate stands almost 13 percentage points below the EU average and 22 below the Lisbon target. One of the most important reasons is related to the characteristics of child care system. In this paper we analyze the characteristics of the child care system in Italy and its relationship to the labor market participation decision of mothers. We present a simple discrete choice framework in which the two decisions can be jointly considered, which also allows for simple forms of rationing. We go on to estimate a bivariate probit model of the child care and employment decisions and interpret the results within the framework of our model. We find evidence that rationing is an important factor in interpreting price e ects on utilization rates and employment decisions.

Keywords: Labor Market Decisions; Fertility; Child care (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C3 D1 J2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 pages
Date: 2006-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm and nep-ltv
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9)

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Related works:
Journal Article: The mismatch between employment and child care in Italy: the impact of rationing (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: The Mismatch between Employment and Child Care in Italy: the Impact of Rationing (2006) Downloads
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