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Demographic shocks and women’s labor market participation: evidence from the 1918 influenza pandemic in india

James Fenske, Bishnupriya Gupta and Song Yuan
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James Fenske: University of Warwick
Song Yuan: University of Warwick

The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) from University of Warwick, Department of Economics

Abstract: How did the 1918 inuenza pandemic affect female labor force participation in India over the short run and the medium run? We use an event-study approach at the district level and four waves of decadal census data in order to answer this question. We find that districts most adversely affected by influenza mortality saw a temporary increase in female labor force participation in 1921, an increase that was concentrated in the service sector. By 1931, this increase had been reversed. We find suggestive evidence that distress labor supply by widows and rising wages help account for these results.

Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-his
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https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/w ... rp_1286_-_fenske.pdf

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Working Paper: Demographic shocks and women’s labor market participation: evidence from the 1918 influenza pandemic in India (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: DEMOGRAPHIC SHOCKS AND WOMEN'S LABOR MARKET PARTICIPATION: EVIDENCE FROM THE 1918 INFLUENZA PANDEMIC IN INDIA (2020) Downloads
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