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Efficiency, But At What Cost? Evidence from a DEA Analysis of WV School Districts

Eduardo Minuci, Amir Borges Ferreira Neto and Joshua Hall
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Eduardo Minuci: West Virginia University, Department of Economics

No 17-28, Working Papers from Department of Economics, West Virginia University

Abstract: West Virginia schools are consistently below the national average on the NAEP. Using Data Envelopment Analysis, we estimate the technical efficiency of West Virginia school districts. We find less variation in technical efficiency in West Virginia than in similar studies conducted in other states. This appears to be because of state policy imposing homogeneity of input usage. Due to the limited variation in technical efficiency across districts, we cannot analyze how non-school inputs such as socioeconomic factors affect technical efficiency across districts. Summary statistics organized by county economic status, however, suggest that socioeconomic status plays a role. Our results highlight an important limitation of DEA analysis on schools.

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis; Efficiency; Government; Public Schools (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H41 H76 I29 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 11 pages
Date: 2017-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eff and nep-ure
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