A field study on the role of ease-of-retrieval in procedural justice judgments
Jana Janßen (),
Patrick A. Müller () and
Rainer Greifeneder ()
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Jana Janßen: Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Postal: L 13, 15, D-68131 Mannheim
Patrick A. Müller: Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Postal: Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
Rainer Greifeneder: Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Postal: L 13, 15, D-68131 Mannheim
No 08-19, Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications from Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim
The present field experiment investigated how job applicants form procedural justice judgments. Drawing on previous research, we put forward the idea that individuals base their justice judgments not merely on content information (e.g., ‘What are fair aspects of the application process?’), but rely on the ease or difficulty with which this content information is retrieved (e.g., ‘How easily can I recall fair aspects of the application process?’). This assumption was tested in a field experiment, in which 517 job applicants evaluated a company’s online application procedure and indicated their justice perceptions. Results indicate that individuals rely on content information or ease-of-retrieval to form justice judgments. This finding was moderated by participants’ uncertainty about the online application procedure and their general experience with online applications. Experienced applicants who were certain based their judgment on ease-of-retrieval, whereas experienced applicants who were uncertain relied on content information. Inexperienced participants did not show a dominant reliance on either source. Implications for research on justice judgment formation as well as practical applications are discussed.
Pages: 41 pages
Note: Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, SFB 504, at the University of Mannheim, is gratefully acknowledged.
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