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Preferences for and Evaluation on Self-Relevant Information Depending on the Elaboration of the Self-Schemata Involved

Dagmar Stahlberg (), Lars-Eric Petersen () and Dirk Dauenheimer ()
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Dagmar Stahlberg: Lehrstuhl fuer Sozialpsychologie, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Postal: Seminargebaeude A5, D-68131 Mannheim
Lars-Eric Petersen: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Postal: Institut für Psychologie, Sozial- und Organisationspsychologie, 06099 Halle (Saa
Dirk Dauenheimer: Lehrstuhl fuer Sozialpsychologie, Universitaet Mannheim, Postal: Seminargebaeude A5, D-68131 Mannheim

No 99-18, Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications from Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim

Abstract: Previous findings have shown that some reactions (e.g. satisfaction with feedback) are guided by self-enhancement theory, whereas other reactions (e.g. perceived feedback accuracy) have been shown to follow predictions of self-consistency theory. The Integrative Self-Schema Model (ISSM) assumes that these effects should be moderated by the elaboration of the self-schema involved: This assumption was tested in an experimental study: 72 participants received fictitious feedback on different personality dimensions allegedly based on an adjective checklist. This feedback was either consistent with self-perceptions, more positive than expected, or more negative than expected, and addressed highly elaborated (schematic) or less elaborated (aschematic) personality dimensions. Satisfaction, feedback accuracy and interest in further information were analysed as dependent variables. The experimental results clearly confirmed the hypotheses derived from the ISSM for satisfaction and perceived feedback accuracy. A self-consistency effect regarding perceived feedback accuracy was found only for feedback on schematic dimensions but was attenuated on aschematic dimensions. A self-enhancement effect regarding satisfaction was found only on aschematic dimensions. This finding was reversed on schematic dimensions. Finally, interest in further information did not follow the predictions made by the ISSM.

Pages: 30 pages
Date: 1998-01-22
Note: Financial Support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft is gratefully acknowledged.
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