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Critical Periods During Childhood and Adolescence: A Study of Adult Height Among Immigrant Siblings

Gerard van den Berg, Petter Lundborg (), Nystedt P and Dan-Olof Rooth ()

Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers from HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York

Abstract: We identify the ages that constitute critical periods in children’s development towards their adult health status. For this we use data on families migrating into Sweden from countries that are mostly poorer, with less healthy conditions. Long-run health is proxied by adult height. The relation between siblings’ ages at migration and their heights after age 18 allows us to estimate the causal effect of conditions at a certain age on adult height. Moreover, we compare siblings born outside and within Sweden. We apply fixed-effect methods to a sample of about 9,000 brothers. We effectively exploit that for siblings the migration occurs simultaneously in calendar time but at different developmental stages (ages). We find important critical periods at ages 5/6 and 9. The effects are stronger in families migrating from poorer countries but weaker if the mother is well-educated.

Keywords: early-life conditions; migration; parental education; adult health; height retardation; age; fetal programming; developmental origins (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I10 I12 I18 I20 I30 J10 N30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-mig
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Related works:
Working Paper: Critical Periods during Childhood and Adolescence: A Study of Adult Height among Immigrant Siblings (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Critical periods during childhood and adolescence: a study of adult height among immigrant siblings (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Critical Periods During Childhood and Adolescence: A Study of Adult Height Among Immigrant Siblings (2009) Downloads
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