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Health in the cities: when the neighborhood matters more than income

Bilger, M.; Carrieri.
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Vincenzo Carrieri () and Marcel Bilger

Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers from HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York

Abstract: Using a rich Italian cross-sectional data set, we estimate the effect of a neighborhood quality index based on pollution, crime, and noise on self-assessed health, presence of chronic conditions and limitations in daily activities. We address the self-selection of the residents in their neighborhoods, as well as the possible endogeneity of income with respect to health, through instrumental variable methods and several endogeneity tests. The main novelty is the sound estimation of the neighborhood effect on health using observational data, which has the advantage of providing general results that are not dependent on any experimental design. This allows us to fully compare the neighborhood effect with the traditional socioeconomic determinants of health. Our main findings are that low quality neighborhoods are strongly health damaging. This effect is comparable to the primary/upper secondary education health differential and is even higher than the impact that poor economic circumstances have on health.

Keywords: Neighborhood quality; Health; Endogeneity; Instrumental Variables (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 R23 C31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-ure
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Related works:
Journal Article: Health in the cities: When the neighborhood matters more than income (2013) Downloads
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