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Intergenerational transmission of nicotine within families: have e-cigarettes had an impact?

Carrieri, V.; Jones, A.M.;
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Vincenzo Carrieri () and Andrew Michael Jones ()

Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers from HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York

Abstract: Using an objective biomarker of both active and passive smoking (saliva cotinine), we estimate a Galtonian regression of nicotine transmission and test whether the use of new nicotine delivery products (i.e. e-cigarettes and other NDP) by parents reduces nicotine transmission to children through passive smoking. To test the latter effect, we use a variety of strategies encompassing the inclusion of interaction terms between cotinine levels and NDP utilization in the Galtonian regression, an IV strategy to deal with potential endogeneity of NDP utilization and a before-after analysis which exploits the spread in the use of e-cigarettes in England from 2010. Using matched parent-child data from the Health Survey for England from 2002 to 2014, we find evidence of a strong intergenerational transmission of nicotine and that transmission is twice the size for mothers compared to fathers. Moreover, all of our empirical strategies lead us to conclude that the introduction of NDP has lowered intergenerational transmission of nicotine to 70-80% of the level without NDP. Following the externality argument, these results suggest that lower taxation of these devices is justified.

Keywords: Nicotine; passive smoking; intergenerational mobility; Galtonian regression; electronic cigarettes; tobacco taxes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 D62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
Date: 2017-02
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