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Skin Color Gap within Couples and Intimate Partner Violence in Northeast, Brazil: Evidence from the PCSVDFMulher

J.R. Carvalho, V.H. de Oliveira and S.P. Ferreira Soares

Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers from HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate whether women in interracial couples are more likely to be exposed to IPV than women in monoracial couples in Brazil. We explore a unique data source on intimate partner violence in Northeast Brazil, known as Pesquisa de Condições Socioeconômicas e de Violência Doméstica e Familiar contra a Mulher – PCSVDFMulher. The survey provides information on the skin color shade of women and their partners in addition to collecting information on women’s exposure to emotional, physical, and sexual IPV. Using probit models that account for unobservable heterogeneity, our results provide striking evidence that the skin color gap within couples positively predicts the risk of IPV in Northeast Brazil. This relationship is particularly driven by skin color hierarchy within couples. We provide evidence on two behavioural mechanisms that contribute to such women's exposure to IPV: partner’s drinking and controlling behaviour.

Keywords: intimate partner violence; skin color gap; Brazil (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I0 I12 J12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-02
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