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Towards a quantitative theory of automatic stabilizers: the role of demographics

Alexandre Janiaka and Paulo Santos Monteiro ()

Discussion Papers from Department of Economics, University of York

Abstract: Employment volatility is larger for young and old workers than for prime aged. At the same time, in economies with high tax rates, the share of total hours supplied by the young/old workers is smaller. These two observations imply a negative correlation between government size (measured by the share of taxes in total output) and aggregate output volatility. This paper assesses in a calibrated heterogenous agent, overlapping generations model the quantitative importance of these two facts to account for the empirical relation between government size and macroeconomic stability. The baseline calibration accounts correctly for the quantitative relation between output volatility and government size observed in the data.

Keywords: Automatic Stabilizers; Distortionary Taxes; Demographics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 E62 H30 J10 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-mac and nep-pbe
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Related works:
Journal Article: Towards a quantitative theory of automatic stabilizers: The role of demographics (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Towards a quantitative theory of automatic stabilizers: the role of demographics (2011) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:yor:yorken:14/23

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