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How do credit supply shocks propagate internationally? A GVAR approach

Sandra Eickmeier () and Tim Ng

No 2011,27, Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies from Deutsche Bundesbank

Abstract: We study how credit supply shocks in the US, the euro area and Japan are transmitted to other economies. We use the recently-developed GVAR approach to model financial variables jointly with macroeconomic variables in 33 countries for the period 1983-2009. We experiment with inter-country links that distinguish bilateral trade, portfolio investment, foreign direct investment and banking exposures, as well as asset-side vs. liability-side financial channels. Capturing both bilateral trade and inward foreign direct investment or outward banking claim exposures in a GVAR fits the data better than using trade weights only. We use sign restrictions on the short-run impulse responses to financial shocks that have the effect of reducing credit supply to the private sector. We find that negative US credit supply shocks have stronger negative effects on domestic and foreign GDP, compared to credit supply shocks from the euro area and Japan. Domestic and foreign credit and equity markets respond clearly to the credit supply shocks. Exchange rate responses are consistent with a flight to quality to the US dollar. The UK, another international financial centre, is also responsive to the shocks. These results are robust to the exclusion of the 2007-09 crisis episode from the sample.

Keywords: international business cycles; credit supply shocks; trade and financial integration; Global VAR; sign restrictions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C3 F15 F36 F41 F44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-ifn, nep-mon and nep-opm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (92)

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Related works:
Journal Article: How do US credit supply shocks propagate internationally? A GVAR approach (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: How Do Credit Supply Shocks Propagate Internationally? A GVAR approach (2011) Downloads
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