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Profitability of Western European banking systems: panel evidence on structural and cyclical determinants

Rainer Beckmann

No 2007,17, Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies from Deutsche Bundesbank

Abstract: This paper analyses structural and cyclical determinants of banking profitability in 16 Western European countries. We find that financial structure matters, particularly through the beneficial effect of the capital market orientation in the respective national financial system. Furthermore, higher diversification regarding banks' income sources shows a positive effect. The industry concentration of national banking systems, though, does not significantly affect aggregate profitability. Business cycle effects, in particular lagged GDP growth, display a substantial procyclical impact on bank profits. These results are obtained in a single equation panel framework using the Hausman-Taylor instrument variable estimator. The data set comprises aggregate annual country data and banking group data (commercial banks, cooperative banks and savings banks) over the period 1979-2003.

Keywords: bank profits; financial structure; business cycle (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 G21 L11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-eec and nep-mac
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:bubdp2:6929

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