EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The lost race against the machine: Automation, education, and inequality in an R&D-based growth model

Klaus Prettner () and Holger Strulik ()

No 329, Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers from University of Goettingen, Department of Economics

Abstract: We analyze the effects of automation and education on economic growth and inequality in an R&D-based growth model with two types of labor: high-skilled labor that is complementary to machines and low-skilled labor that is a substitute for machines. The model predicts that innovation-driven growth leads to increasing automation, an increasing skill premium, an increasing population share of college graduates, increasing income and wealth inequality, and a declining labor share. In contrast to conventional wisdom, our theory predicts that faster economic growth promotes inequality. Because education and technology are endogenous, redistribution to low-skilled individuals may actually not improve disposable low-skilled income, irrespective of whether it is financed by taxes on labor income or machine input in production. We extend the model by fair wage concerns and show how automation implies involuntary low-skilled unemployment.

Keywords: Automation; R&D-Based Growth; Inequality; Wealth Concentration; Unemployment; Redistribution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E23 E25 O31 O33 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro, nep-ino and nep-mac
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/171793/1/1006378855.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: The lost race against the machine: Automation, education and inequality in an R&D-based growth model (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:cegedp:329

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers from University of Goettingen, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2019-06-24
Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:329