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Macroeconomic effects of gender discrimination

Ulrike Neyer and Daniel Stempel

No 324, DICE Discussion Papers from University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE)

Abstract: This paper theoretically analyzes the macroeconomic effects of gender discrimination against women in the labor market in a New Keynesian model. We extend standard frameworks by including unpaid household production in addition to paid labor market work, by assuming that the representative household consists of two agents, and by introducing discriminatory behavior on the firms' side. We find that, in steady state, this discrimination implies that women work inefficiently more in the household and less in the paid labor market than men. This inefficient working time allocation between women and men leads to a discrimination-induced gender wage gap, lower wages for women and men, lower aggregate output, and lower welfare. The analysis of dynamic effects reveals that households benefit less from positive technology shocks. Moreover, the transmission of expansionary monetary policy shocks on output and in ation is lower in the discriminatory environment.

Keywords: New Keynesian Models; Gender Discrimination; Household Production; Monetary Policy Transmission (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 D31 E32 E52 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-gen, nep-lma and nep-mac
Date: 2019
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