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On the norms of charitable giving in Islam: A field experiment

Fatima Lambarraa Lehnhardt () and Gerhard Riener

No 59, DICE Discussion Papers from University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE)

Abstract: Charitable giving is one of the major obligations Islam and a strong Muslim norm endorses giving to the needy, but discourages public displays of giving. This norm is puzzling in light of previous evidence, suggesting that making donations public often increases giving. We report the results two field experiments with 534 and 186 participants at Moroccan educational institutions (among them two religious schools) to assess the effects this moral prescription on actual giving levels in anonymous and public settings. Subjects who participated in a paid study were given the option to donate from their payment to a local orphanage, under treatments that varied the publicity of the donation and the salience of Islamic values. In the salient Islamic treatment, anonymity of donations significantly increased donation incidence from 59% to 77% percent as well as average donations for religious subjects from 8.90 to 13.00 Dh. This findings stand in stark contrast to most previous findings in the charitable giving literature and suggest to rethink fundraising strategies in Muslim populations.

Keywords: Charitable giving; Islam; Social pressure; Priming; Religion; Norms; Field experiment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H40 C93 D01 Z12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cbe, nep-cwa, nep-evo, nep-exp and nep-soc
Date: 2012
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/59571/1/718795458.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: On the Norms of Charitable Giving in Islam: A Field Experiment (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: On the Norms of Charitable Giving in Islam: A Field Experiment (2012) Downloads
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