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Performance Evaluation of the Fruit and Vegetable Subsectors in the Azerbaijani Economy: A Combinatorial Analysis Using Regression and Principal Component Analysis

Ibrahim Niftiyev

EconStor Conference Papers from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics

Abstract: Azerbaijan has an oil-led economy, which according to the well-known resource curse and Dutch disease hypotheses decreases the role of non-oil tradable sectors. Nevertheless, the government has actively fostered the growth of non-oil tradable sectors as the export orientation of Azerbaijan is being leveraged by the recently adopted economic policies. However, performance evaluations at the subsectoral level remain rare. The present paper evaluates the performance of the fruit and vegetable subsectors in Azerbaijan from 1995 to 2020 based on multiple key indicators, such as production, profitability, and productivity via principle component analysis (PCA). The purpose of the study was to provide a comparison of two key subsectors in Azerbaijan that are strong candidates for non-oil tradable exports. The results revealed that the vegetable subsector outperformed the fruit subsector in terms of production and profitability from 1999 to 2014; however, it experienced a sharp decline from 2014 to 2015 (the period of the rapid commodity price downturns), which gives rise to the question of whether the extractive industry negatively affected the subsector. Compared to the vegetable subsector, production and profitability in the fruit subsector demonstrated a more stable upward trend. In addition, labor input in both subsectors decreased over time, indicating efficiency gains via new technology transfers and productivity enhancements. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) results demonstrated a strong and statistically significant negative relationship between the performance of the vegetable subsector with the oil revenue boom period (2008-2015).

Keywords: Azerbaijan economy; agriculture; subsectoral performance; egetable production; fruit production (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C38 E01 O13 Q11 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-eff, nep-mac and nep-tra
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:esconf:235494

DOI: 10.22598/odyssey/2021.3

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