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How Digital Are Albanian Enterprises: A Microeconomic Analyses

Ermira Kalaj () and Flora Merko

EconStor Conference Papers from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics

Abstract: This paper focuses on the analyses of the digitalization of enterprises and its performance impact in Albania. Using data from 2019 Enterprise Surveys (ES) we try to give answer questions related to digitalization that characterize Albanian enterprises. The survey was a shared project of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB), and the World Bank Group (WBG). The data are collected in Albania between January and May 2019. The objective of the survey is to better understand firms` experience in the private sector. Collected data are based on firms' experiences and perceptions of the environment in which they operate. The paper uses these specific questions to study Internet adoption. ES questionnaires focus on the following questions: (1) Does the firm have a high-speed Internet connection on its premises? (2) Does the establishment have its website? The dependent variable is the performance of the firms measured in terms of sales growth and labor productivity, while the vector of independent variables is composed of enterprise characteristics such as firm size, ownership structure, legal status, region, etc. Moreover, dummy variables are used to capture access to formal banking services and gender ownership.

Keywords: Information; Firm Performance; Entrepreneurship; Digitalization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L15 L25 L26 L86 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ict and nep-sbm
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