EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Who truly bears (bank) taxes? Evidence from only shifting statutory incidence

David Martinez-Miera, Gabriel Jiménez and Jose-Luis Peydro ()

EconStor Preprints from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics

Abstract: We show strong overall and heterogeneous economic incidence effects, as well as distortionary effects, of only shifting statutory incidence (i.e., the agent on which taxes are levied), without any tax rate change. For identification, we exploit a tax change and administrative data from the credit market: (i) a policy change in 2018 in Spain shifting an existing mortgage tax from being levied on borrowers to being levied on banks; (ii) some areas, for historical reasons, were exempt from paying this tax (or have different tax rates); and (iii) an exhaustive matched credit register. We find the following robust results: First, after the policy change, the average mortgage rate increases consistently with a strong – but not complete – tax pass-through. Second, there is a large heterogeneity in such pass-through: larger for borrowers with lower income, a smaller number of lending relationships, not working for the lender, or facing less banks in their zip-code, thereby suggesting a bargaining power mechanism at work. Third, despite no variation in the tax rate, and consistent with the non-full tax pass-through, the tax shift increases banks’ risk-taking. More affected banks reduce costly mortgage insurance in case of loan default (especially so if banks have weaker ex-ante balance sheets) and expand into non-affected but (much) ex-ante riskier consumer lending, experiencing even higher ex-post defaults within consumer loans.

Keywords: taxes; incidence; banks; inequality; risk-taking; mortgages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E51 G21 G28 G51 H22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-mac and nep-pub
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/226689/1/AJD%20WP_02_12_2020_FINAL.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Who Truly Bears (Bank) Taxes? Evidence from Only Shifting Statutory Incidence (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Truly Bears (Bank) Taxes? Evidence from Only Shifting Statutory Incidence (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Who truly bears (bank) taxes? Evidence from only shifting statutory incidence (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Who truly bears (bank) taxes? Evidence from only shifting statutory incidence (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:esprep:226689

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in EconStor Preprints from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2021-09-03
Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:226689