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Duration of WTO Membership and Investment-Oriented Remittances Flows

Sèna Kimm Gnangnon

EconStor Preprints from ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics

Abstract: This article examines the effect of the duration of the membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO) on investment-oriented remittances inflows (i.e., the portion of total remittances invested by remittance-receiving households in business activities). The analysis covers 120 countries over the period 1996-2019, and employs the two-step system generalized methods of moments estimator. It provides support for the hypothesis that by improving the stability and predictability of the business environment (i.e., by reducing tariffs volatility, trade uncertainty and economic uncertainty) would provide strong incentives to remittance-receiving households to invest a fraction of their total remittances in business activities. This positive effect of the membership duration on investment-oriented remittances inflows appears to strong for less developed countries. Additionally, longstanding WTO Members enjoy higher investment-oriented remittances inflows when they have large populations (a proxy for larger amounts of total remittances inflows), and experience high trade volumes, and a higher economic growth performance. These findings complement previous works that highlighted the relevance of the WTO in promoting the development of the private sector in its member states (including developing members and the poorest among them).

Keywords: Duration of WTO membership; Investment-oriented remittances inflows; Tariffs volatility; Trade uncertainty; Economic uncertainty; Developing countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 E22 O11 O16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-fdg and nep-int
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