How should large and small countries be represented in a currency union?
Helge Berger () and
No 2004/20, Discussion Papers from Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics
The likely extension of the euro area has triggered a debate on the organization of the ECB, in particular on the apparent mismatch between relative economic size and voting rights in the Council. We present a simple model of optimal representation in a federal central bank addressing this question. Optimal voting weights reflect two opposing forces: the wish to insulate common monetary policy from changing preferences at the national level, and the attempt to avoid an overly active or passive reaction to idiosyncratic national economic shocks. A perfect match between economic size and voting rights is rarely optimal, and neither is the one country, one vote principle. Empirically, there are indications that the pattern of over- and under-representation of member countries in the ECB Council might be extreme by the standards of the US Fed and German Bundesbank and not always optimal.
Keywords: Central Bank; Federal Central Bank; currency union; optimal representation; voting; ECB (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 E52 E58 F33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: How should large and small countries be represented in a currency union? (2007)
Working Paper: How Should Large and Small Countries Be Represented in a Currency Union? (2004)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:fubsbe:200420
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