The geography and co-location of European technology-specific co-inventorship networks
Julian Christ ()
No 14-2010, FZID Discussion Papers from University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID)
This paper contributes with empirical findings to European co-inventorship location and geographical coincidence of co-patenting networks. Based on EPO co-patenting information for the reference period 2000-2004, we analyze the spatial con figuration of 44 technology-specific co-inventorship networks. European co-inventorship (co-patenting) activity is spatially linked to 1259 European NUTS3 units (EU25+CH+NO) and their NUTS1 regions by inventor location. We extract 7.135.117 EPO co-patenting linkages from our own relational database that makes use of the OECD RegPAT (2009) files. The matching between International Patent Classification (IPC) subclasses and 44 technology fields is based on the ISI-SPRU-OST-concordance. We con firm the hypothesis that the 44 co-inventorship networks differ in their overall size (nodes, linkages, self-loops) and that they are dominated by similar groupings of regions. The paper offers statistical evidence for the presence of highly localized European co-inventorship networks for all 44 technology fields, as the majority of linkages between NUTS3 units (counties and districts) are within the same NUTS1 regions. Accordingly, our findings helps to understand general presence of positive spatial autocorrelation in regional patent data. Our analysis explicitly accounts for different network centrality measures (betweenness, degree, eigenvector). Spearman rank correlation coefficients for all 44 technology fields confirm that most co-patenting networks co-locate in those regions that are central in several technology-specific co-patenting networks. These findings support the hypothesis that leading European regions are indeed multi- filed network nodes and that most research collaboration is taking place in dense co-patenting networks.
Keywords: Co-patenting; co-inventorship; networks; linkages; co-location; RegPAT (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C8 O31 O33 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eur, nep-geo, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-net, nep-sbm, nep-soc and nep-ure
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Working Paper: The geography and co-location of European technology-specific co-inventorship networks (2009)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:fziddp:142010
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