EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

A household-based Human Development Index

Kenneth Harttgen and Stephan Klasen ()

No 30, Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 from Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics

Abstract: One of the most serious weaknesses of the human development index (HDI) is that it considers only average achievements and does not take into account the distribution of human development within a country or by population subgroups. All previous attempts to capture inequality in the HDI have also used aggregate information and there exists no HDI at the household level. This paper provides a method and illustration for calculating the HDI at the household level. This immediately allows the analysis of the HDI by any kind of population subgroups and by household socioeconomic characteristics. Furthermore, it allows to apply any kind of inequality measure to the HDI across population subgroups and over time. We illustrate our approach for 15 developing countries. Inequality in the HDI is largest in poorer countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. We also find large inequalities within countries between population subgroups, particularly by income, location, and education of the household head. We also find considerable inequality when looking at inequality measures like the Theil or the Gini coefficient; within-group inequality is, however, invariably larger than between-group inequality and inequality in the HDI within countries is of similar order of magnitude of inequality in the HDI between countries.

Keywords: Human Development Index; Income Inequality; Differential Mortality; Inequality in Education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 I20 I32 O10 O50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-hap and nep-hrm
Date: 2010
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/39994/1/300_harttgen.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: A Household-Based Human Development Index (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: A Household-Based Human Development Index (2010) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:gdec10:30

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 from Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2019-12-03
Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec10:30