Foreign aid and recipient countries' exports: How important are improved bilateral trade relations?
Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann D.,
Adriana Cardozo () and
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann D.
No 44, Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 from Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics
This paper uses the gravity model of trade to investigate the link between foreign aid and exports in recipient countries and tests for the transmission channels between aid and exports/economic development in developing countries. Most of the theoretical work emphasizes the negative impact of aid on recipient countries' exports primarily due to exchange rate appreciation, disregarding the positive impact of aid linked to the income effect. The empirical findings, in contrast, indicate that the net impact of aid on recipient countries' exports is positive and that the average return for recipients' exports is about 1.50 US$ for every aid dollar spent. The paper also estimates the effect of different types of aid (bilateral aid [from one donor to one specific recipient, and bilateral aid from all the other donors to one specific recipient], as well as multilateral aid flowing to a specific recipient) and finds that at least two types of aid have a positive and significant effect on recipients' exports, thus ruling out a major crowding out effect. It is further found that aid is hardly export-enhancing in Africa.
Keywords: International Tade; Foreign Aid; Recipient Exports; Real Exchange Rate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F35 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa, nep-dev and nep-int
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