EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Births of New Private-owned Enterprises in an Environment of State-owned Enterprises

Zhong Zhao and Liang Zheng

No 1296, GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)

Abstract: The impact of the incumbent state-owned enterprises (SOEs) on the births of new private-owned enterprises (POEs) in China is a central concern for the government and society. In this paper, we apply agglomeration theories to distinguish the linkages between SOEs and POEs. Using China's 2008 economic census, the 2007 Input-Output Table, and the 2005 population mini census, we measure the formation of new POEs at the city-industry level, and the agglomeration forces of distance proximity to inputs, outputs, labor, and technology. More explicitly, we measure the extent to which local SOEs provide relevant inputs, consume outputs, employ similar workers, and use similar technology. Our findings indicate that overall, incumbent SOEs hinder the formation of new POEs. For manufacturing, the entry of new POEs is significantly lower in places where more upstream SOEs are concentrated. For services, the entry of new POEs is significantly lower in places where more upstream and downstream SOEs are concentrated. However, the agglomeration effects from the incumbent POEs are either insignificant or significantly positive.

Keywords: New Firm Formation; State-owned Enterprise; Firm Ownership; Agglomeration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 L60 L80 R10 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-geo and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations:

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/272787/1/GLO-DP-1296.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: The Births of New Private-Owned Enterprises in an Environment of State-Owned Enterprises (2023) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:glodps:1296

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-30
Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:1296