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Depression in the House: The Effects of Household Air Pollution from Solid Fuel Use in China

Yan Liu, Xi Chen () and Zhijun Yan

No 407, GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)

Abstract: While adverse health effects of ambient air pollution have been well documented, there is scarce evidence on the impact of household air pollution (HAP) on mental health. We investigated the causal link between HAP exposure from the use of solid fuel on depressive symptoms using a nationally representative dataset of middle-aged and older population in China. Employing the propensity match score method (PSM), matching and adjusting for potential confounders, we found significantly higher Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score and risk of depressive symptoms among solid fuel users than clean fuel users. These associations were especially stronger for older females who were less educated, of lower income, of higher body mass index, or had chronic diseases.

Keywords: Depression; Household solid fuel use; Household air pollution; Propensity Score Matching; CHARLS (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I31 Q51 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cna, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-ure
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https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/204479/1/GLO-DP-0407.pdf (application/pdf)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:glodps:407

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