Schooling Forsaken: Education and Migration
Gil Epstein () and
Ira Gang ()
No 641, GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)
We examine the phenomenon of forsaken schooling resulting from opportunities abroad. The brain-drain/gain literature takes as its starting point the migration of educated/professional labor from poor origin countries to richer host countries. While high-skilled emigration is troubling, even more so is that many international migrants accept low-skilled positions in host countries. Their willingness to do so arises from very large host-home earnings differentials. At home this can lead to reduced educational investment as people forgo schooling because of opportunities to migrate to high paying low-skilled jobs. This suggests possible time-inconsistencies between short-run economic gains from migration and negative long-term effects from missing human-capital investment. We analyze data from Tajikistan, where approximately one-third of the labor force works outside of the country. Our empirical results establish circumstances under forsaken schooling occurs, leaving trade-offs that policymakers’ need consider.
Keywords: migration; traps; poverty; inequality; education; skill (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I24 O15 P46 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Schooling Forsaken: Education and Migration (2019)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:glodps:641
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