Immigrant Supply of Marketable Child Care and Native Fertility in Italy
R. D. Mariani and
Furio Rosati ()
No 745, GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)
The availability of child-care services has often been advocated as one of the instruments to counter the fertility decline observed in many high-income countries. In the recent past large inflows of lowskilled migrants have substantially increased the supply of child-care services. In this paper we examine if the flow of immigrants as actually affected fertility exploiting the natural experiment occurred in Italy in 2007, when a large inflow of migrants - many of them specialized in the supply of child care - arrived unexpectedly. With a difference-in-differences method, we show that newly arrived immigrant female workers have increased the number of native births by roughly 2 per cent. We validate our result by the implementation of an instrumental variable approach and several robustness tests, all concluding that the increase in the supply of child-care services by immigrants has positively affected native fertility choice.
Keywords: Household Economics; Fertility; Immigrant Labour; International Migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D12 F22 J13 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-int, nep-lab and nep-mig
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Working Paper: Immigrant Supply of Marketable Child Care and Native Fertility in Italy (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:glodps:745
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