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Age Effects in Education: A Double Disadvantage for Second-Generation Immigrant Children

Antonio Abatemarco, Mariagrazia Cavallo, Immacolata Marino () and Giuseppe Russo

No 761, GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)

Abstract: A double disadvantage occurs when the interaction of two disadvantages generates an additional disadvantage. We show that second-generation immigrant children in the Italian primary school experience a double disadvantage that, relative to the average native, reduces scores in Italian by 17% and in Math by 20%. The double disadvantage stems from the interaction of the immigration background with age effects (namely, Absolute Age Effect and Relative Age Effect). In a policy perspective, we show that controlling for age effects in class composition criteria pursues integration because it delivers extra benefits to second-generation immigrant children. Besides, we point out the possibility of exploiting the larger impact of the relative age on second-generation children in order to support their performance and reduce the large penalization associated to the immigration background.

Keywords: second-generation immigrants; education; age effects; double disadvantage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 J01 J13 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eur and nep-mig
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:glodps:761

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