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The scientific revolution and its role in the transition to sustained economic growth

Sibylle H. Lehmann-Hasemeyer, Klaus Prettner () and Paul Tscheuschner

No 06-2020, Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences from University of Hohenheim, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences

Abstract: We propose a Unified Growth model that analyzes the role of the Scienti fic Revolution in the takeoff to sustained modern economic growth. Basic scientific knowledge is a necessary input in the production of applied knowledge, which, in turn, fuels productivity growth and leads to rising incomes. Eventually, rising incomes instigate a fertility transition and a takeoff of educational investments and human capital accumulation. In regions where scientific inquiry is severely constrained (for religious reasons or because of oppressive rulers), the takeoff to modern growth is delayed or might not occur at all. The novel mechanism that we propose for the latent transition towards the takeoff could contribute to our understanding of why sustained growth emerged first in Europe.

Keywords: Scientific Revolution; Industrial Revolution; Basic Science; Applied Science; Takeoff to Sustained Growth; Unified Growth Theory (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O11 O31 O33 O41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro and nep-his
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