Democracy and aid donorship
Andreas Fuchs () and
No 2113, Kiel Working Papers from Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW)
Almost half of the world's states provide bilateral development assistance. While previous research takes the set of donor countries as exogenous, this article is the first to explore the determinants of aid donorship. We hypothesize that democratic institutions reduce poor countries' likelihood to initiate aid giving. On the contrary, the leadership of poor authoritarian regimes face fewer constraints that would hinder these governments to reap the benefits of a development aid program despite popular opposition. To test our expectations, we build a new global dataset on aid donorship since 1945 and apply an instrumental-variables strategy that exploits exogenous variation in regional waves of democratization. Our results confirm that the likelihood of a democratic country to start aid giving is more responsive to income than it is the case for authoritarian countries. Overall, democracies are - if anything - less rather than more likely to engage in aid giving.
Keywords: foreign aid; Official Development Assistance; aid donorship; aid institutions; new donors; democracy; selectorate theory (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F35 H11 H87 O19 P33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-pol
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:2113
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