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The Effect of Gender Equality on International Soccer Performance

Julia Bredtmann (), Carsten Crede and Sebastian Otten ()

No 501, Ruhr Economic Papers from RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a new estimation strategy that uses the variation in success between the male and the female national soccer team within a country to identify the causal impact of gender equality on women's soccer performance. In particular, we analyze whether within-country variations in labor force participation rates and life expectancies between the genders, which serve as measures for the country's gender equality, are able to explain differences in the international success of male and female national soccer teams. Our results reveal that differences in male and female labor force participation rates and life expectancies are able to explain the international soccer performance of female teams, but not that of male teams, suggesting that gender equality is an important driver of female sport success.

Keywords: international sport success; soccer; gender equality; fixed-effects estimation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 L83 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-spo
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:rwirep:501

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