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Pathways to sustainable grassland development in China: Findings of three case studies

Yingming Li, Yi Wang and Reimund Schwarze

No 2/2014, UFZ Discussion Papers from Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS)

Abstract: Grassland development serves as an important part of the national sustainable development strategy in China. This paper defines the strategic objectives of grassland development in China based on the national strategy, the current status of grassland development in China and the status of grassland development internationally. As China is at a transformational stage of implementing an ecological economic system in grassland development, top priorities should be given to enhance the values of grassland ecosystem services, reduce the pressures on the grasslands, and restructure the grassland industry. Case studies on three pasture areas in Sichuan and Inner Mongolia, which have distinct ecological and climatic features and are at different development stages, revealed that the core issue for sustainable development of grassland in China is in addressing the conflict between the people and grasslands. Improving the social security system and enhancing the capacity of the herders in implementing sustainable development are the recommended pathways for sustainable grassland development in China.

Keywords: grassland development; sustainable development; national development planning; grasslands; ecological-economic systems; ecosystem services; case studies; China environment transition management; governance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-sog
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