Male-biased Demand Shocks and Women’s Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Large Oil Field Discoveries
Stephan Maurer and
Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association
We study whether male-biased demand shocks affect women's labor force participation (LFP), using major oil field discoveries in the US South between 1900 and 1940. We find that oil wealth has a zero net effect on female LFP due to two opposing channels. Increased male wages lead to a higher marriage rate of young women, which could have depressed female LFP. But at the same time, oil wealth also increases demand for female labor in services, which counterbalances the marriage effect.
JEL-codes: R11 N50 J12 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-ene and nep-gen
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Working Paper: Male-biased Demand Shocks and Women’s Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Large Oil Field Discoveries (2017)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:vfsc17:168143
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