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Fertility Effects of College Education: Evidence from the German Educational Expansion

Daniel Kamhöfer and Matthias Westphal

Annual Conference 2018 (Freiburg, Breisgau): Digital Economy from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association

Abstract: We estimate the effects of college education on female fertility – a so far understudied margin of education, which we instrument by arguably exogenous variation induced through college expansions. While college education reduces the probability of becoming a mother, college-educated mothers have slightly more children than mothers without a college education. Unfolding the effects by the timing of birth reveals a postponement that goes beyond the time in college – indicating a negative early-career effect on fertility. Coupled with higher labor-supply and wage returns for non-mothers as compared to mothers the timing effects moreover suggest that career and family are not fully compatible.

Keywords: Fertility; family planning; education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 H52 I21 J12 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur
Date: 2018
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:vfsc18:181624

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