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From housewives to employees? How mandatory kindergarten affects mothers' labour supply in Switzerland

Selina Gangl and Martin Huber ()

VfS Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association

Abstract: We analyse the effect of a mandatory kindergarten for four-year-old children on mothers' labour supply in Switzerland. Since education policy is regulated on a federal level, we exploit spatial variation as well as staggered implementation. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find an increase of mothers' labour force participation. Since kindergarten is not a full-day care, the results suggest a rise in the share of part-time working mothers. Furthermore, the reform affects mothers working in dependent employment. Hence, policy makers intending to increase mothers' labour supply should be aware of the level of employment they aim to promote.

Keywords: Mandatory kindergarten; Switzerland; mothers' labor supply; difference-in-differences; variable selection (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J18 J21 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:vfsc19:203636

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