EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Intensity-based rebating of emissions pricing revenues

Christoph Böhringer, Nicholas Rivers and Carolyn Fischer

VfS Annual Conference 2021 (Virtual Conference): Climate Economics from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association

Abstract: Carbon pricing policies worldwide are increasingly coupled with direct or indirect subsidies for emission-intensive and trade-exposed firms. We analyze the incentives created by novel forms of emissions intensity-based rebating (IBR) and contrast them with more common approaches like output-based rebating (OBR), abatement-based rebating (ABR), or lump-sum rebating (LSR). We rank the different rebate schemes in terms of output protection, emission intensity reduction, and emissions price pressure. We find that intensity-based rebating schemes typically combine elements of OBR and ABR. Given the same sectoral emissions target, revenue-neutral forms of IBR that are proportional to output or emissions lead to the same outcome as conventional outputbased rebating, but with lower emissions prices. Outcomes with a simpler form of IBR that subsidizes intensity reductions directly can resemble those with OBR when reductions are less ambitious, while with deeper intensity reductions, outcomes approach those of LSR. With ABR, the emissions price fully offsets the abatement rebate and the resulting allocation is identical to LSR. We supplement partial equilibrium theoretical analysis with numerical simulations to assess the performance of different mechanisms in a multi-sector general equilibrium model which accounts for economy-wide market interactions.

JEL-codes: D21 D58 H23 Q48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-env
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/242431/1/vfs-2021-pid-50342.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Intensity-Based Rebating of Emission Pricing Revenues (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Intensity-Based Rebating of Emission Pricing Revenues (2022) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:vfsc21:242431

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in VfS Annual Conference 2021 (Virtual Conference): Climate Economics from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2023-02-03
Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc21:242431