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Effects of Motherhood and Selection into Motherhood: Revisiting the 2007 Parental Benefits Reform in Germany

Arnim Seidlitz and Bernd Fitzenberger

VfS Annual Conference 2021 (Virtual Conference): Climate Economics from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association

Abstract: This paper studies the causal effect of giving first birth and how that effect changes by the 2007 reform in parental benefits in Germany. We further investigate how the reform affects the selection of women into motherhood and how that selection effect affects labor market outcomes. A large novel data set merging data from the pension insurance with administrative labor market data provides information on all births. We apply a dynamic treatment effect approach which differs from other strategies used so far in most of the literature to estimate the causal effect of motherhood and to evaluate the 2007 reform. The reform has positive medium-run effects on earnings and employment while reducing full-time employment. There are no effects on second-order fertility. While the reform slightly changes the selection of mothers, this has little impact on the reform effect for the causal effect of motherhood.

Keywords: Parental leave reform; causal effect of motherhood; earnings; employmentdynamic treatment effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J08 J13 J16 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:vfsc21:242435

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