EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Institutional Reform and Global Value Chains

Christian Fischer-Thöne and Hartmut Egger ()

VfS Annual Conference 2021 (Virtual Conference): Climate Economics from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association

Abstract: This paper sets up a model of trade, in which two countries with differing levels of technology specialize on the production of subsets of the global value chain. In the open economy equilibrium, the technologically backward country exports intermediates in exchange for imports of a homogeneous consumption good from the technologically advanced country. This vertical specialization pattern gives the two countries access to different instruments for appropriating rents in the open economy. The technologically advanced country can impose an import tariff on intermediates to lower foreign wages and increase national welfare. An import tariff is ineffective for the technologically backward economy, which can instead lower institutional quality and allow its workers to partially expropriate firms and directly consume intermediate goods at a utility discount. In a non-cooperative policy equilibrium, welfare levels of the two countries will fall to their autarky levels. This gives scope for a trade agreement that conditions tariff reductions on institutional quality improvements and is beneficial for both countries. A beneficial trade agreement may not exist if the import tariff has an upper bound.

Keywords: Global value chains; trade policy; institutional quality; tariffs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F13 F68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/242442/1/vfs-2021-pid-50458.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:vfsc21:242442

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in VfS Annual Conference 2021 (Virtual Conference): Climate Economics from Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-11
Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc21:242442