Do trade and investment agreements lead to more FDI? Accounting for key provisions inside the black box
Peter Nunnenkamp and
No ERSD-2010-13, WTO Staff Working Papers from World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division
The previous literature provides a highly ambiguous picture on the impact of trade and investment agreements on FDI. Most empirical studies ignore the actual content of BITs and RTAs, treating them as black boxes, despite the diversity of investment provisions constituting the essence of these agreements. We overcome this serious limitation by analyzing the impact of modalities on the admission of FDI and dispute settlement mechanisms in both RTAs and BITs on bilateral FDI flows between 1978 and 2004. We find that FDI reacts positively to RTAs only if they offer liberal admission rules. Dispute settlement provisions play a minor role. While RTAs without strong investment provisions may even discourage FDI, the reactions to BITs are less discriminate with foreign investors responding favourably to the mere existence of BITs.
Keywords: foreign direct investment; bilateral investment treaties; regional trade agreements; admission rules; investor-state dispute settlement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F23 K33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Do trade and investment agreements lead to more FDI? Accounting for key provisions inside the black box (2013)
Working Paper: Do trade and investment agreements lead to more FDI? Accounting for key provisions inside the black box (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:wtowps:ersd201013
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