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Structural development accounting

Gino Gancia, Andreas Müller and Fabrizio Zilibotti ()

No 10, ECON - Working Papers from Department of Economics - University of Zurich

Abstract: We construct and estimate a unifi ed model combining three of the main sources of cross-country income disparities: differences in factor endowments, barriers to technology adoption and the inappropriateness of frontier technologies to local conditions. The key components are different types of workers, distortions to capital accumulation, directed technical change, costly adoption and spillovers from the world technology frontier. Despite its parsimonious parametrization, our empirical model provides a good fi t of GDP data for up to 86 countries in 1970 and 122 countries in 2000. Removing barriers to technology adoption would increase the output per worker of the average non-OECD country relative to the US from 0.19 to 0.61, while increasing skill premia in all countries. Removing barriers to trade in goods amplifi es income disparities, induces skill-biased technology adoption and increases skill premia in the majority of countries. These results are reverted if trade liberalization is coupled with international IPR protection.

Keywords: Directed technology adoption; development accounting; distance to frontier; inappropriate technologies; skill-biased technical change; productivity; TFP differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F43 O11 O31 O33 O38 O41 O43 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff and nep-opm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4)

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Related works:
Working Paper: Structural Development Accounting (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Structural development accounting (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Structural Development Accounting (2010) Downloads
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