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Structural change in developing countries: has it decreased gender inequality?

Michelle Rendall

No 77, ECON - Working Papers from Department of Economics - University of Zurich

Abstract: This paper examines the evolution of female labor market outcomes from 1987 to 2008 by assessing the role of changing labor demand requirements in four developing countries: Brazil, Mexico, India and Thailand. The results highlight the importance of structural change in reducing gender disparities by decreasing the labor demand for physical attributes. The results show that India, the country with the greatest physical labor requirements, exhibits the largest labor market gender inequality. In contrast, Brazil's labor requirements have followed a similar trend seen in the United States, reducing gender inequality in both wages and labor force participation.

Keywords: Structural change; job tasks; female employment; wage gap; Latin America; Asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J20 J23 J24 J31 O31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-lab, nep-lam, nep-lma, nep-ltv and nep-sea
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Journal Article: Structural Change in Developing Countries: Has it Decreased Gender Inequality? (2013) Downloads
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