Employment polarization and the role of the apprenticeship system
Michelle Rendall and
Franziska Weiss ()
No 141, ECON - Working Papers from Department of Economics - University of Zurich
This paper studies the effects of the apprenticeship system on innovation and labor market polarization. A stylized model with two key features is developed: (1) apprentices are more productive due to industry-specific training, but (2) from the firm’s perspective, when training apprentices, technological innovation is costly since training becomes obsolete. Thus, apprentices correlate with slower adoption of skillreplacing technologies, but also less employment polarization. We test this hypothesis on German regions given local variation in apprenticeship systems until 1976. The results shows no employment polarization related to apprentices, but similar displacement of non-apprentices as in the US.
Keywords: Apprentices; educational system; employment polarization; technology adoption (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 I24 J24 J62 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-knm, nep-lab, nep-lma and nep-mac
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Journal Article: Employment polarization and the role of the apprenticeship system (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zur:econwp:141
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